Country Profile

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Income classification
Geographic region
Climate profile

Key statistics

Indicator
Value
Year
Population, total
11.29 million
2022
Population growth (annual %)
1.23%
2022
Surface area (sq. km)
89,318
2020
GDP (current US$)
47.45 billion
2022
GDP growth (annual %)
2.50%
2022
GDP per capita (current US$)
4,204.51
2022
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)
4.23%
2022
Human Capital Index (HCI) (scale 0-1)
0.55
2020
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)
1.92
2020

Sovereign ESG profile

This section presents a snapshot of the most recent ESG values across all three pillars. You can find the complete framework here: Sovereign ESG Framework. Use the graph on the right to put this country's ESG scores in context with other income groups, regions or climate profiles.

Income classifications

Geographic regions

Climate classification

Transformations

Land cover profile

The map shows the land cover types in 2020 and is derived from the ESA Climate Change Initiative Land Cover (v2.0.7). The 10 most prevalent land cover types are listed below.
85.66%
Bare areas
4.6%
No Data
2.29%
Lichens and mosses
1.4%
Mosaic cropland (>50%) / natural vegetation (tree, shrub, herbaceous cover) (<50%)
1.27%
Sparse herbaceous cover (<15%)
1.23%
Water bodies
0.9%
Cropland, irrigated or post‐flooding
0.86%
Tree cover, mixed leaf type (broadleaved and needleleaved)
0.82%
Urban areas
0.55%
Cropland, rainfed
Source: European Space Agency, World Bank

Wealth accounting profile

Wealth accounting provides an estimate of the total wealth of nations by aggregating values of these different components of wealth. Change in wealth per capita is an indicator to assess a country’s potential to grow in the future. A fall in wealth indicates that a country is depleting its assets and may not be able to sustain its future GDP growth. Read more

Indicator
Total
Per capita
Year
Total wealth
$321.62 bn
$32,304
2018
Human capital
$174.15 bn
$17,492
2018
Produced capital
$166.91 bn
$16,764
2018
Natural capital
$27.38 bn
$2,750
2018
Natural capital, renewable
$16.90 bn
$1,697
2018
Natural capital, agricultural land
$14.62 bn
$1,468
2018
Natural capital, subsoil assets: minerals
$10.32 bn
$1,036
2018
Natural capital, subsoil assets: fossil fuels
$162.28 mn
$16
2018
Note: The values are in constant 2018 US dollars at market exchange rates.

Peer countries

To better understand a country's profile, it is useful to understand it in the context of other comparable countries. Which countries form the set of so-called peer countries can vary depending on the purpose of the comparison. Often we can find peer countries based on common income classifications, geographic regions, or climate profiles. See the FAQ for more details.

The boundaries, colors, denominations and any other information shown on maps on this page do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, any judgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.